Violence and Matthew: A reconsideration of Matthew 11:12
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This thesis resolves the interpretational problem involved in Matthew 11:12 by asserting that in Matthew 11:12 ²¹[Special characters omitted.]<math> <f> <a><ac><g>a</g></ac><ac>&d12;</ac></a></f> </math> ¶µÄ±¹ is best understood as middle voice with a meaning of "the kingdom of heaven 'advances forcefully'" and that the clause, "the violent men seize it," is ambiguous and refers in a positive way to Christians and in a negative way to those opposing the kingdom's advance. In chapter 1, the thesis gives an introduction to the basic interpretational issues and a history of interpretation. Chapter 2 contains a word study of ²¹[Special characters omitted.]<math> <f> <a><ac><g>a</g></ac><ac>&d12;</ac></a></f> </math> ¶µÄ±¹ and an evaluation of E. Moore's article on the word. Chapter 3 examines the issue of violence in the Gospel of Matthew and its influence on the interpretation of Matthew 11:12. Chapter 4 concludes with an attempt at theological integration by answering the questions of why the Gospel is so violent and why 11:12 (c) is ambiguous.