Institutional Commitment of Faculty in Evangelical Colleges and Universities

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Institutional Commitment of Faculty in Evangelical Colleges and Universities

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Title: Institutional Commitment of Faculty in Evangelical Colleges and Universities
Author: Hardcastle, Ian
Advisor: Richardson, Brian C.
Abstract: Organizational commitment has been understood to be a significant antecedent

of employee turnover. The fact that work occupies the better part of one's day and the

considerable costs associated with turnover has heightened the importance of satisfaction

at work. Though commitment has been examined in many sectors of industry, it has

rarely focused upon Christian postsecondary education. The purpose of this study was to

understand the relationship between motivation, commitment, and embeddedness of

faculty teaching in CCCU member institutions.

The research population for this study was faculty teaching in CCCU schools.

There were 652 respondents from 38 colleges and universities who completed the survey.

Data for this study was gathered using an array of 4 instruments and select demographic

questions. The Job Satisfaction Scale measured the satisfaction of workers. The Three-

Component Model measured affective, normative, and continuance commitment of

faculty. The Job Embeddedness Scale quantified the links, fit, and sacrifice participants

had to their organizations and communities. The Intent to Leave Index appraised the

intention of faculty to leave their current organization.

Results from this study were particularly applicable to Christian higher

education institutions in the CCCU. The primary aim was to understand the institutional

commitment of CCCU faculty. This study found that all satisfaction, commitment, and

embeddedness factors were negatively related to intent to leave. Subtle differences were

observed between ministerial and non-ministerial faculty. Calling to both teaching and

ministry was found to correlate to increased satisfaction, commitment, and


KEYWORDS: job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, intent to

leave, faculty, council for Christian colleges and universities, calling, ministerial faculty,

turnover, retention.

Date: 2010-12

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